What Are the Potential Health Risks for Having Poor Indoor Air Quality?

Poor indoor air quality (IAQ) can greatly impact your health — and when it comes to IAQ, your’s home greatest defense against indoor air pollution is your air conditioning system. If you feel yourself having cold and flu symptoms throughout the year, you may want to call your AC tech or change your air filter. Read on to learn more about indoor air quality.

Symptoms of Poor Indoor Air Quality

Symptoms of poor indoor air quality can range depending on the contaminants and the environment. The symptoms can easily be mistaken for allergies, stress, colds, and influenza. The most common symptoms of poor indoor air quality include:

  • Coughing
  • Sneezing
  • Watery eyes
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Headaches
  • Upper respiratory congestion

More Severe Health Effects Caused By Poor Indoor Air Quality

  • Conjunctival eye irritation
  • Rashes
  • Fever, chills
  • Tachycardia (rapid heartbeat, leading to shortness of breath)
  • Headache or dizziness
  • Lethargy, fatigue
  • Nausea, vomiting, anorexia
  • Myalgia (muscle pain)
  • Hearing loss

Types of Indoor Air Pollutants

Pollutant Source
Asbestos Damaged insulation, fireproofing, acoustical materials
Dust mites, Animal Dander, Mold Bacteria, Viruses House dust, pets, bedding, poorly maintained air conditioners, humidifiers, dehumidifiers, moist structures
Carbon Monoxide Gas stoves, malfunctioning gas appliances, wood stoves, tobacco smoke, car or truck exhaust
Environmental Tobacco Smoke Cigarettes, cigars, and pipes
Formaldehyde Plywood, particleboard, wallpaper, personal care products
Lead Sanding or open-flame burning of lead paint
Nitrogen Oxides Gas stoves, malfunctioning gas appliances
Organic Chemicals Solvents, glues, cleaning agents, paints, moth repellents, air fresheners, dry-cleaned clothes,
Ozone Ozone-generating indoor air cleaners, soldering or welding
Particulate Matter Cigarettes, wood stoves, fireplaces, cooking, vacuuming, burning candles and incense
Radon Soil under buildings, some earth-derived construction materials, and groundwater

How to Improve Indoor Air Quality

Here are some quick tips on how to improve your air quality:

  • Add vents throughout your home
  • Change your air filter regularly
  • Keep indoor humidity between 30 and 50 percent

For more in-depth indoor air quality hacks, check out some of our blogs:

Useful Indoor Air Quality Facts Every Homeowner Should Know

What Houseplants Increase Indoor Air Quality?

Call Colman Heating & Air for AC Service Today!

At Colman Heating & Air, we are passionate about keeping you comfortable. If you’re tired of coughing and sneezing constantly in your own home, then call us today! We are happy to repair or an install an AC system for you any time or any day. We offer 24-hour emergency service!

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